Cohen tied anomie theory with Sigmund Freud 's reaction formation idea, suggesting that delinquency among lower-class youths is a reaction against the social norms of the middle class.
Weisburd Eds. Studies on Crime and Crime Prevention, 7, 1— In addition to the study done by Hirschi, strain theory was explored in a study conducted by Jason D. Robert Agnew developed this theory further to include types of strain which were not derived from financial constraints.
In the s, Park and Burgess identified five concentric zones that often exist as cities grow, including the " zone of transition ", which was identified as the most volatile and subject to disorder.
A psychological strain is formed by at least two stresses or pressures, pushing the individual to different directions.
If the person cannot exert self-control, he or she might try to get the yacht or the means for it in an illegal way, whereas someone with high self-control will more likely either wait, deny themselves of what want or seek an intelligent intermediate solution, such as joining a yacht club to use a yacht by group consolidation of resources without violating social norms.
Crime and Delinquency.
Merton's theory is not very critical of the social structure that he says generate the strains.