Dutch discovery australia essay

brief history of australia

It is very likely that the government had some interest in all these factors. Fransisco Pelsaert returned in the ship Sardam and rescued the survivors of the Batavia mutiny November: Wouter Loos and Jan Pelgrom De Bye--two of the mutineers of the Batavia mutiny--were taken in a small boat to the mouth of the Hutt River on the mainland and were left with equipment, but to fend for themselves, as punishment for their role in the mutiny.

These properties were exactly what were needed when the old country wanted to export its most troublesome commodity, namely its criminals and undesirables. Impact of European settlement[ edit ] Main article: Australian frontier wars Portrait of the Aboriginal explorer and diplomat Bungaree in British dress at Sydney in The Australian native police was a British unit of Aboriginal troopers that was largely responsible for the 'dispersal' of Aboriginal tribes in eastern Australia, but particularly in New South Wales and Queensland The first known landing in Australia by Europeans was by Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon in Australia refers to the history of the area and people of the Commonwealth.

Phillip therefore sailed northward on January 21 and entered a superb harbour, Port Jacksonwhich Cook had marked but not explored.

Who founded australia

Truganini , a Tasmanian Aboriginal who survived the outbreak of disease and conflicts which followed the British colonisation of Van Diemen's Land Many events illustrate violence and resistance as Aborigines sought to protect their lands from settlers and pastoralists who attempted to establish their presence. When Dutch explorer Willem de Vlamingh landed close to what would later become Perth on his mission in the Geelvinck, his crew brought news of a little hut and inch footsteps they had found. There is much circumstantial evidence to suggest that a Portuguese discovery of Australia in the 's is highly probable. He then explored the island of New Zealand before returning to Batavia , on Java. Lieutenant James Cook on the other hand, speculated in his journal that the "Natives of New Holland" the East Coast Aborigines whom he encountered might in fact be far happier than Europeans. Above all, he left no doubt that the Australian continent was a single landmass. His artist made the first European pictorials of Australia Abraham Leeman and thirteen others, having been abandoned by Volckersen on the Green Islets off the central west coast of Western Australia, sailed back to Java in a small boat with almost no food or water--only four survived the ordeal. For a more detailed discussion of Aboriginal culture , see Australian Aboriginal peoples.

In inland Australia, the skills of Aboriginal stockmen became highly regarded and in the 20th century, Aboriginal stockmen like Vincent Lingiari became national figures in their campaigns for better pay and improved working conditions.

No one knows how many different groups came to Australia, but it thought that the way some of the first people came was by moving along between a chain of islands from Sulawesi Sulawesi is in Borneo and is now part of Indonesia and New Guinea.

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That is hard to establish, given that at the time of the First Fleet nobody knew anything about the conditions that would be found there, or even whether survival was possible at all. When did the first European explorers arrive?

Australian colonialism

Early European exploration[ edit ]. It was soon apparent to the convicts that, because escape was impossible in that there was nowhere to escape to, they might as well make the best of a bad job. The suggestion has been made that the penal colony was in fact originally planned as a colonial establishment, and that it was always the intention to build an outpost of Empire on the far side of the world. There is much evidence to suggest that it was neither the Dutch nor the British to be the first Europeans to discover Australia, but the Portuguese, around the 's. The Portuguese The quest for wealth and knowledge might logically have pulled the Portuguese to Australian shores; the assumption has some evidential support, including a reference indicating that Melville Island, off the northern coast, supplied slaves. The answer was precisely its remoteness and harshness. Aboriginal people recorded their history in rock paintings like this. The British government showed its interest by backing several voyages. The Leijden returned to the west coast Hopes flourished for a mighty empire of commerce in the eastern seas. Marion Dufresne of France skirted Tasmania in , seeing more than had Tasman. On the other hand, as the first settlers soon discovered, this new continent proved to be an unfriendly host. Crisis threatened at once. Evidence of Aboriginal art in Australia can be traced back some 30, years.

Some 10—12, years ago, Tasmania became isolated from the mainland, and some stone technologies failed to reach the Tasmanian people such as the hafting of stone tools and the use of the Boomerang. With American independence, a new convict settlement was needed, and Botany Bay sounded just about right, although nearby Sydney Cove turned out to be more suitable for building a settlement.

Australia and its preceding Indigenous and colonial societies.

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Australians might speak Dutch if not for strong emotions