Machiavelli and plato
Machiavelli and plato
In Plato's The Repubic it is assumed the leader will, in fact, be educated into being just but nothing is said about how to ensure that he or she is. Machiavelli is naive, and in many ways promotes violence, if it justifies the ends to a means, "virtu". The greater good would be better achieved in Plato's "republic" than in Machievelli's "princedom," because it requires a united objective and justice for and within the city state is more likely. This leaves the possibility of a princedom open to athoritarianism and tyranny. This is the limit of monarchic rule: even the best kingdom can do no better than to guarantee to its people tranquil and orderly government. There is no practicality in it when you consider the real world and the true nature of people. With regard to its judgment, when two speakers of equal skill are heard advocating different alternatives, very rarely does one find the people failing to adopt the better view or incapable of appreciating the truth of what it hears Discourses CW Even the most excellent monarchy, in Machiavelli's view, lacks certain salient qualities that are endemic to properly constituted republican government and that make the latter constitution more desirable than the former. Plato believed that a ruler could not be wholly just unless one was in a society that was also just. Related Papers. For Machiavelli, people are compelled to obey purely in deference to the superior power of the state.
Discourses CW Likewise, should the people depart from the law-abiding path, they may readily be convinced to restore order: For an uncontrolled and tumultuous people can be spoken to by a good man and easily led back into a good way.
Gilbert trans. Both of these account of the greater good are more complex than the scope of this essay is capable of addressing.
In his opinion, man is both good and bad but when push comes to shove he will always choose what best serves his own Interests. His own experience has taught him that it is better to be impetuous than cautious, because Fortuna is a woman and it is necessary, in order to keep her under, to beat and maul her. Most importantly, he composed his other major contribution to political thought, the Discourses on the Ten Books of Titus Livy, an exposition of the principles of republican rule masquerading as a commentary on the work of the famous historian of the Roman Republic. New York: Oxford Univ. Machiavelli is at best a transitional figure in the process by which the language of the state emerged in early modern Europe, as Mansfield concludes. It would surely be illustrious if people would ay into this acceptance of a given role for their lives as Plato proposes and live in such a way where their only goal would be to live out that role as best as possible for the betterment of society as a unit. In a fully constitutional regime, however, the goal of the political order is the freedom of the community vivere libero , created by the active participation of, and contention between, the nobility and the people. Is it fair to expect one class to do all of the work and one class to be in charge of legislating and ruling?
Bantam Classics, Print. He does not only describe tyranny he encourages it. Can an elitist society that Plato's account describes survive and maintain harmony within?
And of course, power alone cannot obligate one, inasmuch as obligation assumes that one cannot meaningfully do otherwise. You must remain within your position in society. Machiavelli was a direct victim of the regime change: he was initially placed in a form of internal exile and, when he was wrongly suspected of conspiring against the Medici inhe was imprisoned and tortured for several weeks.
Plato ? The fact that Machiavelli later wrote biting popular stage comedies is cited as evidence in support of his strong satirical bent.
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