Why review of literature included in a research report

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what is literature review in research methodology

Hart, Chris. What sources have they cited to support their conclusions?

How to write a literature review for a research paper

Methodological A methodological approach focuses on the methods utilized by the researcher. Narrow your topic There are hundreds or even thousands of articles and books on most areas of study. You can use it to discuss various theories, models, and definitions of key concepts. Should you summarize, synthesize, or critique your sources by discussing a common theme or issue? Taylor and Procter of The University of Toronto have some useful suggested questions to ask yourself at the beginning of your reading: What is the specific thesis, problem, or research question that my literature review helps to define? Create an organizational method to focus this section even further. This means that you will not just simply list your sources and go into detail about each one of them, one at a time. Does the work ultimately contribute in any significant way to an understanding of the subject?

Summarize and synthesize Remember to summarize and synthesize your sources within each paragraph as well as throughout the review. Gaps: what is missing from the literature?

literature review structure

For more information, please see our handout on plagiarism. If you attend a conference or workshop with a wider group of people, perhaps from other universities, you can take the opportunity to ask other attendees for recommendations of articles or books relevant to your area of research.

Literature review outline

Objectivity -- is the author's perspective even-handed or prejudicial? Are there weaknesses that need to be addressed? Sometimes even a key idea can be discovered in this way. Interpretation You need to be actively involved in interpreting the literature that you are reviewing, and in explaining that interpretation to the reader, rather than just listing what others have written. A review organized in this manner would shift between time periods within each section according to the point made. Cook, Kathleen E. The bibliography or reference section of sources you've already read are also excellent entry points into your own research. Third, there are the perceptions, conclusions, opinion, and interpretations that are shared informally that become part of the lore of field. Importance of a Good Literature Review A literature review may consist of simply a summary of key sources, but in the social sciences, a literature review usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories. Body: Contains your discussion of sources and is organized either chronologically, thematically, or methodologically see below for more information on each.

This means that you will not just simply list your sources and go into detail about each one of them, one at a time. Your interpretation of each piece of evidence is just that: an interpretation. For the American magazine, see The Literary Review.

importance of literature review

Try sorting through some other current bibliographies or literature reviews in the field to get a sense of what your discipline expects. Study guide For a printer-friendly PDF version of this guide, click here This Study Guide explains why literature reviews are needed, and how they can be conducted and reported.

But more authentic thematic reviews tend to break away from chronological order.

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Doing a literature review